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martedì 21 marzo 2017

Horror of mass rape, mass killings, starvation in South Sudan

Women and children are being slaughtered in South Sudan by soldiers who said to be using knives for the massacres to save their ammunition.
The brutal conflict, sparking UN warnings over ethnic cleansing, is driving a devastating famine that is threatening millions with starvation in the country.
One woman who fled violence in the city of Yei told how she saw her best friend and her children, including three-month-old baby, butchered.
“The children and the elderly, they slaughtered them,” Sylvia, 31, told Save the Children aid workers.
“When the armed groups get you with your children, they will kill all of you.
“They will take you from your homes and slit your throat. For the small children they stab them, then they die later.
I've seen children tied to their dead mother and thrown in the river - soldiers have been doing this a lot.”
Sylvia fled after seeing her best friend murdered, taking in a baby girl she found abandoned at the roadside on her journey to neighbouring Uganda.
“When we began our journey, I saw with my own eyes two boys and one woman…they had been slaughtered,” she added, saying soldiers were using knives to save bullets.
“Children weren’t going to school, there was hunger everywhere. Children would die of illness.”
famine was declared in parts of South Sudan last month in the first such catastrophe the world has seen in six years.
More than 5.5 million people – almost half the population – will not have a reliable source of food by July in what the UN says is a worsening man-made crisis, driven by the conflict and worsened by government inaction.
The world's youngest nation has been mired in civil war since 2013, when President Salva Kiir fired his deputy Riek Machar, sparking a war that has increasingly split the country along ethnic lines.
Fighting, massacres, looting and village burning has killed tens of thousands, caused widespread hunger and forced three million people from their homes – pitting Kiir's Dinka ethnic group against Machar's Nuer.
A report presented to the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva on Tuesday concluded that both government forces and non-state groups were targeting civilian populations on the basis of their ethnic identity with killings, abductions, gang rape and sexual violence on an “epic” scale.
Joy, a 14-year-old girl, was eight months pregnant when she travelled 50 miles to safety over four days in scorching heat.
“We ran away because the war has turned up on us as civilians,” she said. 
When they come, they come to slaughter you with a knife or a machete. We could not wait for that to happen.”
She left her mother and relatives in their home town, where there have since been reports of the entire population being massacred.
Joan, a village midwife who travelled with the teenager, recounted armed groups coming to rape young girls.
“Ten men can sleep with one woman, no problem if you die,” she added. “When you are a woman they rape you and kill you, we are much safer here.”
A UN survey found 70 per cent of women living in “protection of civilian camps” in the South Sudanese capital of Juba had been raped, the vast majority by police or soldiers, while a staggering 80 per cent had been forced to watch someone else being assaulted.
Thousands of refugees are pouring over the border every day into Uganda, where more than 500,000 people have arrived since last July, with almost 90 per cent women and children. 
It has become Africa’s largest refugee country, seeing more than 1.5 million people flee their homes since the conflict erupted in South Sudan in December 2013. 
A report by the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan found that “ethnic cleaning is underway” in South Sudan amid a huge increase in human rights violations and abuses since a fresh wave of violence started in July.
A government redrawing of state borders has depopulated ethnic Shilluk and Nuer inhabitants of the Upper Nile region, with one incident seeing around 2,000 mostly Dinka people transported to Wau Shilluk town after fighting caused its residents to flee.
The UN has warned that the indicators of genocide are in place”, with the conflict acting as a smoke-screen for abuses, mainly committed by the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and government security forces, but also by the  SPLA Movement in Opposition (SPLM-IO).
The commission found that a “scorched earth policy” was exacerbating the famine by preventing humanitarian access by the UN and humanitarian agencies, while sexual violence on an industrial scale has become entrenched amid a culture of impunity.
Yasmin Sooka, chair of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, called for investigations to immediately start documenting atrocities to allow future prosecutions.
The famine is entirely manmade,” she told The Independent. “The escalating conflict in the country, lack of humanitarian access and increased displacement of people is a direct root cause of famine. What we’re seeing is catastrophic.”
Ms Sooka said that as well as funding, UN agencies need the government to provide access, and to reverse a hike in work permit fees of 100-fold for foreign aid workers to $10,000 (£8,200).
“That’s crazy because these are the people who are meant to assist you but you’re making it very difficult for them to do their work,” she added.
“Unless you have an end to the conflict and a genuine commitment to a political process that brings all of the parties together, you’re not going to see the end of the tunnel in South Sudan.
“The reasons these violations continue is because everybody knows they can get away with it, and until you set up an accountability mechanism to deal with the perpetrators there’s not going to be a change.”
The Disasters Emergency Committee is launching an emergency appeal to help 16 millions people facing malnutrition and starvation in East Africa, with the British Government matching the first £5 million donations pound for pound.
Priti Patel, the International Development Secretary, said UK aid was already funding food, water and emergency healthcare but more support is urgently needed to prevent a “catastrophe”. 
“The international community must now follow global Britain’s lead to save lives and stop the famine before it becomes a stain on our collective conscience,” she added. “The world cannot afford to wait.”
To make a donation to the DEC East Africa Crisis Appeal visit, call the 24-hour hotline on 0370 60 60 610, donate over the counter at any high street bank or post office, or send a cheque. You can also donate £5 by texting the word SUPPORT to 70000.

Women and children being raped and slaughtered as South Sudan conflict worsens famine threatening millions Lizzie Dearden Mar 14 2017

NAIROBI, March 14 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Many South Sudanese child refugees arriving in Uganda are too traumatised to speak and do not know whether their parents are dead or alive, the charity Save the Children said on Tuesday.
Thousands of South Sudanese are arriving each day in Uganda, which has received more than 700,000 refugees from its famine-stricken neighbour since war erupted there in December 2013.
"I've seen children tied to their dead mother and thrown in the river – soldiers have been doing this a lot," Save the Children cited one 31-year-old woman, Sylvia, as saying.
Almost nine in 10 refugees arriving in Uganda are women and children, often hungry, terrified and alone, Save the Children said.
"They are telling us that back home they have witnessed their parents being killed," one Save the Children worker said in a statement.
"One boy said his father was hung next to him - it comes to him in his dreams and the next morning he wakes up and he's speechless."
Sylvia arrived in Uganda with a two-year-old baby girl that she found by the roadside.
"I found her crying in a ditch," she told Save the Children. "She was naked, malnourished and dehydrated."
Other women told the charity they had seen women and girls being raped by up to 10 soldiers.
"The testimonies we are hearing are horrifying," Pete Walsh, Save the Children's South Sudan country director said.
"All parties to the conflict must ensure civilians are protected and aid workers are able to continue delivering life-saving healthcare and protection."
Aid workers have been unable to reach tens of thousands of people in need for months due to clashes, denial of access at checkpoints and looting of humanitarian compounds, according to the United Nations.
More than 100,000 South Sudanese are experiencing famine, with a further one million on the brink of starvation, it says.

GENEVA - The failure to prosecute atrocities in South Sudan is "appeasement" and makes the world complicit in the continuing bloodshed, the head of a UN human rights investigation said on Tuesday.

"The challenge for accountability is that alleged perpetrators still occupy senior political and military positions," Yasmin Sooka told the UN Human Rights Council.

"A small coterie of South Sudan’s political leaders show total disregard not just for international human rights norms but for the welfare of their own people. They have squandered the oil wealth and plundered the country’s resources."

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